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Why would a mortgage company sell your loan?

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  • Updated:
    June 21, 2023
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Why would a mortgage company sell your loan? | Debexpert

When you take out a mortgage, you might not realize that there's a possibility your loan could be sold to another bank or investor at some point. It can be confusing and worrisome to receive a letter informing you that your mortgage has been sold, but it's actually a common practice in the mortgage industry. In this article, we will explore the reasons why do mortgage companies transfer mortgages and what it means for borrowers like you.

Key takeaways:
A mortgage company might sell your loan to manage their liquidity, diversify their portfolio, and reduce risk. By selling loans, they can free up capital to lend to other borrowers and generate consistent cash flow through origination fees.

Understanding the Mortgage Market

To understand why was my mortgage sold, it's important to grasp how the mortgage market works. When you obtain a mortgage, you're dealing with two main parties: the mortgage lender and the mortgage servicer. The lender is the one who initially provides the loan, while the servicer is responsible for handling your loan payments after closing. In some cases, the lender and servicer may be the same entity, but in others, the lender may direct you to a third-party servicer.

The Players in the Mortgage Industry

Before delving into the reasons behind the question of why my mortgage was sold, let's briefly go over the key players in the mortgage industry:

  1. Lenders: These are the primary mortgage lenders, such as banks, credit unions, and other financial institutions, that originate mortgages for homebuyers.
  2. Aggregators: Entities like Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, which purchase mortgages from lenders to keep the market liquid. They either hold the loans in their investment portfolios or package them into mortgage-backed securities (MBS) sold to investors.
  3. Investors: These can be investment banks, institutions, individuals, or even government agencies that purchase MBS packages.
  4. Servicers: The companies responsible for collecting mortgage payments and managing escrow accounts. Some lenders handle servicing in-house, while others outsource it to specialized servicers.

Why would a Mortgage company Sell your Loan?

So, why do banks selling my mortgage note? Mortgage lenders sell loans or for various reasons, including:

1. Capital Availability

Lenders have limited funds available to offer new mortgages. By selling existing loans, they free up capital to extend new loans to other borrowers. This practice helps keep the mortgage market flowing and ensures that lenders have enough funds to meet the demand for home loans.

2. Risk Management

Selling mortgages also allows lenders to mitigate risk. By transferring the loans to investors, lenders reduce their exposure to potential defaults or market fluctuations. This risk management strategy helps lenders maintain a healthy balance sheet and remain financially stable.

3. Liquidity

Mortgage notes are long-term financial commitments, often spanning 15 to 30 years. Lenders may not want to wait decades to recover their investment. Selling loans on the secondary market provides them with immediate liquidity, allowing them to recycle the funds and continue originating new mortgages.  

4. Profit Generation

When lenders sell loans, they can generate upfront cash by charging the buyer a fee for servicing the loan. This fee compensates the new lender for collecting and disbursing monthly payments on behalf of the borrower. The profit generated from the sale and ongoing servicing fees can be reinvested into new lending opportunities.

What Happens When Your Loan Is Sold?

When your mortgage loan is sold, it's important to understand that the sale typically does not impact the terms and conditions of your loan. Your interest rate, loan balance, repayment schedule, and other agreed-upon terms remain the same. However, there are a few changes you might experience:

1. Servicer Transition

You may receive a notification from your original lender informing you that your loan has been sold. The new servicer, the entity responsible for collecting your mortgage payments, will also notify you of the transfer within a specific timeframe. This notification should include the new servicer's contact information and any changes in payment methods or addresses.

2. Escrow Account Adjustment

In some cases, the new servicer might conduct an escrow account analysis to ensure the proper management of funds for property taxes and insurance premiums. This analysis helps determine if any adjustments are necessary to your monthly escrow payment. If changes occur, the new servicer should provide you with an updated escrow document within 60 days of the transfer.

3. Payment Processing

While the ownership of your loan may change, you are still responsible for making your monthly mortgage payments. The new servicer will provide instructions on how to continue making payments, such as setting up a new account or updating your existing payment method. It's crucial to follow these instructions to ensure your payments are processed correctly and avoid any potential penalties or late fees.

4. Grace Period

During the transition period, which typically lasts for about 60 days, you are protected from late fees or penalties if there are any payment processing issues. This grace period allows you and the new servicer to adjust to the transfer and ensures a smooth transition without negatively impacting your credit or loan status.

What to Do When Your Mortgage Loan Is Sold?

When you receive a notice that your mortgage loan has been sold, there are a few steps you can take to ensure a seamless transition:

  1. Review the Notice: Carefully read the notice from your original lender and the new servicer. Take note of important details such as the effective date of the transfer, new contact information, and any changes to payment methods or addresses.
  2. Update Payment Information: If necessary, create an account with the new servicer and update your payment information accordingly. Make sure to set up automatic payments or revise your bill payment system to reflect the changes.
  3. Keep Records: Save all documents related to the loan transfer, including the notice and any correspondence with the new servicer. Keep records of your mortgage statements before and after the transfer as proof of payment in case of any disputes or discrepancies.
  4. Notify Relevant Parties: Inform your insurance company and local tax authority about the loan transfer to ensure that your property taxes and insurance premiums are properly accounted for in the escrow account.
  5. Seek Assistance if Needed: If you encounter any issues during the transfer or have concerns about the new servicer, reach out to them in writing to address the problem. If necessary, you can escalate the matter by filing a complaint with relevant regulatory bodies or consumer protection agencies.


The sale of mortgage loans by lenders, a practice which may leave you wondering, "why does my mortgage keep getting sold?" is a common occurrence in the mortgage industry. It allows lenders to free up capital, manage risk, generate profits, and maintain liquidity in the market. When your mortgage loan is sold, the terms of your loan should remain unchanged, but you may need to adjust your payment methods and update your records. The frequency of these sales can vary based on numerous factors, such as market conditions or the lender's business strategy. Understanding the reasons behind loan sales and taking proactive steps during the transition can help you navigate the process with confidence and ensure a smooth continuation of your mortgage payments. Always stay informed, communicate with the new servicer, and seek assistance if needed to protect your rights as a borrower.

Additionally, to find out  what is the difference between a mortgage and a note we recommend reading our dedicated guide.

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Who holds a mortgage note?

The mortgage note is the legal document that proves ownership of the mortgage loan to the lender or investor. A mortgage-backed securities investor is one potential buyer of a note that has been sold by the original lender. Payments due from the borrower are to be made to the note holder, who may also opt to sell or transfer the note to another person. The capacity to collect mortgage payments or foreclose in the case of default is dependent on the lender's ability to track down the note's current holder.

What else is a mortgage note called?

Promissory note, real estate lien note, and deed of trust note are all terms that can be used to refer to a mortgage note. Both of these names relate to the same thing: a legally binding agreement outlining the terms and conditions of a mortgage loan. Mortgage notes can have different terms based on the lender, the borrower's credit, and the mortgage agreement. Borrowers and investors in the mortgage note market would do well to familiarize themselves with these various terminologies.

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